Hey Marvel fans, this week being the release week of Captain Marvel, I sure am hyped to see the hero-(ine) punch her way through the bad guys.

But the all-around concept of movies is the same. There is a good guy and a bad guy, with the bad guy getting pulverized by the good guy in some way or the other. That is what we all know, but the main reason we all watch movies is by getting attracted to the graphics of the movie or should I say the VFX. So, let’s talk about the topic at hand.

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What is VFX?

It is effects generated with the help of a computer on live-footage. So, in movies whenever we see a car exploding, or a bomb going off somewhere destroying a lot of buildings, or a life extinction event occurring, all those are created using computers and special animation and compositing software. In order to make all these events occur in real life would just be too time-consuming and dangerous.

VFX Example (A still from the movie Chappie)

Categories of VFX

  • Special Effects: All the visual effects done during the live-action sequence e.g. car chase or stunt performances.
  • Digital Effects: It covers the effects done via computer graphics or software on the already captured live-action sequence. It has its own subgroups like
    • Modeling: To create 3D or 2D models.
    • Animation: To provide movement to any character in 2D or 3D.
    • Compositing: To combine various footage together to create the effect that they were created together.
    • Motion Capture: It involves the process of recording a person’s movements. (Topic for some other time).

Motion Capture

VFX Pipeline

  1. Pre-Production
    • Research and Development: The software preference and technique is devised in order to bring the on-paper concepts to life.
    • Pre-Visualisation: This is the process of converting the storyboard and script to 3D animation.
  2. Production
    • 3D Modeling: This is the process of creating 3D models with a major focus on high-quality details.
    • Matte-Paintings: This is used in order to create backgrounds and environments that are very useful for the overall feel of the shot.
  3. Post Production
    • Scene Preparation: It serves the purpose of preparing the footage for elements to be inserted in.
    • Rigging: This is what helps the 3D models to move. The 3D models are all given joints and bone structure to move about.
    • Animation: This is the stage where the animators add animation to move the rigged models to create a scene.
    • Effects or Simulation: Explosions, water, and smoke are all simulation-based effects that come to fruition here. Polishing effects are added over the existing scene, at which point the final product starts to become vaguely visible.
    • Texturing: This is the process where colors are given to the 3D models. Texturing provides shine to metal objects and skin is given to humans.
    • Lighting: The process where lighting is provided to the scene to make it less recognizable as fake.
    • Compositing: The last stage where everything comes together to create a beautiful scene.
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VFX Pipeline (A Still from the movie )

So, this blog has come to an end guys. Please be sure to read my previous blogs [ Understanding “Cubic Bezier” in CSS, Project Stream: Next step in Gaming]

You can visit Terasol Technologies if you are looking to develop a mobile or web app.

Hope you all enjoy the movie and do leave a comment down below about what you think about it. This is me, signing off.

Sanjay Pandey